By Kristalyn Shefveland
Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions throughout the belief of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal undeniable among 1646 and 1722.
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Extra resources for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722
Trade in the upper Chesapeake was an important part of the nascent English colony, but the development of the piedmont led to lasting changes for both the English settlers and the Native inhabitants of the region with the introduction of the commercialized slave economy. A focus on trade reveals the entangled political and socioeconomic worlds of the hide and slave trade. Virginia’s history of successful plantation slavery (and thus its founding families like the Byrds) had origins in the wealth of the Indian trade.
Tacit consent to the taking of Indian children is evident in a March 1660 Charles City County Court ruling granting John Beauchamp permission to take his Indian boy to England. 66 While taking a Native child to England was rare, in most cases Natives sold into forced labor moved quite far away from their families. On September 5, 1660, Major George Colclough, from Northumberland, received 1,050 acres of land for the importation of twenty-one servants to Virginia, including Francisco, an Indian.
While illicit trade in forced laborers began to grow, Abraham Wood continued to capitalize on his advantageous position, exploiting alliances and fueling conflict among enemies, particularly to further English trade in the piedmont as well as to gather more slaves. To that end, he sponsored further expeditions into the piedmont. In March 1669, with the permission of William Berkeley, the German immigrant John Lederer made his first foray into the interior, leaving the York River settlement of Shickehamany and heading for the Appalachian Mountains with three Indigenous guides, Magtakunh, Hopottoguoh, and Naunnugh.