Accelerating Trade and Integration in the Caribbean: Policy by World Bank

By World Bank

The most goal of this record is to assist policymakers within the Caribbean layout an schedule of coverage activities to speed up alternate integration and progress, and to lessen poverty. each one a part of the file makes a speciality of a key query and offers an in-depth research of the problems raised, laying the principles for coverage strategies defined within the final bankruptcy of the record. half I asks no matter if the Caribbean's fiscal and alternate method are sound sufficient to maintain the hot period of its worldwide exchange family members. half II addresses the possibilities and demanding situations that the recent exchange surroundings deals to the Caribbean. half III assesses the effect of the recently-negotiated fiscal Partnership contract on progress and poverty relief utilizing varieties of macroeconomic versions. The file concludes with coverage priorities for accelerating Caribbean integration into the realm financial system and for reaping some great benefits of international festival.

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Additional resources for Accelerating Trade and Integration in the Caribbean: Policy Options for Sustained Growth, Job Creation, and Poverty Reduction (World Bank Country Study)

Sample text

Part I presents the economic and trade context of the Caribbean. This part of the report adds value by analyzing how the Caribbean’s economic and trade context has prevented the region from accelerating trade reforms and regional integration. It also raises and analyses an issue more often neglected in trade reports on the Caribbean: how the current macroeconomic imbalances and structural and political constraints may constitute a major obstacle to the region’s ability to reap the benefits of the current international trade environment.

Transport costs are thus relatively high and limit the potential for expanding regional trade. Internet services are more costly than in countries with comparable income levels. For instance, the cost of 20-hour dial-up access in St. 42 in Malaysia (ITU 2004). As a result of these high prices, internet density is particularly low in the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Suriname and St. 98 users per 100 inhabitants, respectively. Other countries like Jamaica and St. Kitts and Nevis have relatively higher usage rates of more than 20 users per 100 inhabitants.

However, the EPA framework does not define a clear competitiveness strategy for the Caribbean. The challenge is for the Caribbean to use the relevant provisions of the EPA framework to reinforce competitiveness. The 25 years transitory period that the framework provides for full liberalization, gives time to the Caribbean to take policy actions to enhance competitiveness, including: regulatory and legal reforms to improve the “doing business” environment, controlling wages increases to match labor productivity, investing in infrastructure to reduce production costs.

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