By Egon Friedell
A Cultural heritage of the trendy Age: Baroque, Rococo and Enlightenment
This is the second one quantity of Friedell's huge A Cultural heritage of the trendy Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 global wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries coated during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, struggle, even morality, poetry, and faith. All platforms of suggestion produced during this century, both commence with the scientifi c outlook as their origin or regard it as their maximum and fi nal goal.
Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In traditional use, by way of "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial phases have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is definitely understood.
Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell contains all events directed opposed to what has been dominant and standard. Th e goals of such activities have been home improvement the kingdom and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause by way of sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency could be obvious as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity maintains Friedell's dramatic background of the riding forces of the 20 th century.
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Extra info for A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 2
So was project management. New ways to achieve high reliability in complex machines were worked out. New ways to conduct nondestructive testing were developed. The best of large-scale management theory and doctrine was used to bring together both organizational (or administrative) optimization and join it to responsibility to work within the constraints of accepted organizational behavior. LARGE ISSUES OF POLICY In 1961, when President Kennedy asked me to join his administration as head of NASA, I demurred and advised him to appoint a scientist or engineer.
We reviewed estimates of cost and found that sufficient priority and funds had not been provided. ’s successful launch of the first man into Earth orbit, the Gagarin flight on April 12, 1961. ’s competence in rocketry, NASA had appealed to President Kennedy to reverse his earlier decision to 33 postpone the manned spaceflight projects that were planned as a followup to the Mercury program. In his earlier decision, President Kennedy had approved funds for larger rocket engines but not for development of a new generation of man-rated boosters and manned spacecraft.
Webb, the Administrator, Dr. Dryden, the Deputy Administrator, and Dr. Seamans, the Associate Administrator, were the top management of the agency, and they brought 57 onboard a young man named Brainerd Holmes to head the manned spaceflight effort in Washington. This group lost little time in deciding roles and missions for the lunar program. A new launch Center was created in Florida, and Dr. Kurt Debus, formerly of Marshall, was named its head. The Marshall Center got the job of developing the huge Moon rockets, although the size of the rocket and the mode for going to the Moon had not yet been decided.