By Francis Leroy
Celebrating a century of progressive contributions to our knowing of existence, the realm, and the universe, this encyclopedic table reference lines the discoveries that earned approximately 500 wonderful scientists Nobel honours within the components of chemistry, physics and drugs. Preface; in regards to the authors; desk of contents; The Nobel Laureates in Chemistry (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in Physics (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in medication (1901 -- 2001); desk: The Nobel Prize Laureates (1901-2001); Bibliography; picture and representation credit; Index of Recipients' Names; topic Index
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Additional resources for A Century of Nobel Prize Recipients: Chemistry, Physics, and Medicine (Neurological Disease & Therapy)
Changing his orientation, he then focused on the thermodynamics of chemical reactions at very low temperature, showing in 1906 that specific heats and dilation coefficients approach zero when the temperature approaches the absolute zero. This led him to formulate the third principle of thermodynamics, according to which it is impossible to reach absolute zero temperature. It is worth mentioning that in 1997 the Nobel Prize of Physics rewarded research that had led to reaching a temperature of about three billionths of a degree Kelvin!
Because of the action of vitamin C against scurvy (scorbutus), Haworth proposed to call it ascorbic acid. Walter Haworth was knighted in 1948. e. simple sugars). He notably determined the cyclic structure of glucose, with five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom. Haworth showed that the carbon atoms in cyclic sugars are linked by oxy- H HO O Karrer, Paul (Moscow, Russia, April 21, 1889 - Zurich, Switzerland, June 18, 1971 ). Swiss chemist. Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Norman Haworth for investigating the constitution of carotenoids, flavins, and vitamins A and B2.
His doctoral thesis was on the electrochemistry of polonium, a radioactive element discovered by Marie Curie in 1898. This gave him the opportunity to make major improvements to “Wilson's chamber", an instrument sho-wing the trajectory of ionising radiation. D. in science in 1930 he was appointed lecturer at the Paris Faculty of - 38 - Harold Urey, Stanley Miller and the origin of life. This image symbolizes the possible passage from the inert world to the highly organized world characteristic of living beings.